##### Anyone who carefully reads the following cannot help but see that “something” has been going on beginning a long time ago; and *we’re* __not__ supposed to know about it. And, as much of my research reveals, the manipulations behind the scenes is still going on *to this da**y*. What is presented here is simply the proverbial “tip of an evidentiary iceberg”; simply an introduction to one of the greatest hoaxes in all of world history.

**CONSPIRACY OR COINCIDENCE?**

**WHO DESIGNED OUR WEIGHTS AND MEASURES?**

In 1969 I graduated with a degree in (ancient) history and had intended to teach. Even though I was offered a fellowship for graduate work, the choice to follow my passion as an artist finally won out. Nevertheless, I never stopped studying history and long ago also developed a love for mathematics. Over the course of the last four decades, I have independently compiled a body of *original* historical research all based on mathematics. The resultant evidence shows unequivocally that *all of our systems of weights and measures have (clandestinely) been designed to conform to one simple system of geometry*.

Even the physical gold and silver *coins and paper notes of our U.S. monetary system* have been *secretly *engineered to conform to this geometry. The mathematical roots of these *coinage* *measures* (highlighted in red) are inseparable from those we’ve come to use for land, weight, and volume. Some of the evidence proving these claims is presented here using the coinage measures as just one example typical to the rest of our measurement systems.

For example, nowhere are we told about the inseparable connection between our familiar marketplace *avoirdupois ounce* of **437.5 **grains and the **412.5** grain gross weight of the *American silver dollar coin*. In the eyes of history, both quantities were derived subjectively and arbitrarily and have no direct relationship. But in the eyes of geometry, they are *1 ^{st} dimensional*

*equivalents*.

Let’s have a look. Start by literally transforming a silver dollar coin into a perfect regular tetrahedron. We could actually do this *physically* in a proper laboratory but it is much easier, more accurate, and by far less costly using *mathematics*. Now if we construct a cube having its *edge-length-sum* equal to this tetrahedron’s, and fill that cube with the same coinage silver, when placed on a scale, we’ll find that this cube weighs **437.5**22320… grains. This is the *avoirdupois* *ounce* to a .9999+ degree of perfection. These two quantities are inherently related because *the sum of each one’s edges is equal to the same length line. *

Now, transform this **437.5**22320… grain cube into a tetrahedron and then make a cube of the same substance having its *edge-length* equal to this tetrahedron’s. The cube will weigh **3,712.5 **grains. Ten silver dollar coins contain *exactly* **3,712.5** grains *pure* *silver*; and six-teen *eagles* (1834-1837) contained **3712** grains *pure* *gold*.

Once again, start with the **412.5** grain tetrahedron and then make a cube of the same substance with an edge-length equal to the tetrahedron’s edge. This cube weighs **3500**.1785… grains and is *one*–*half* *pound* *avoirdupois*. This is to a .9999+ degree of fineness. And a tetrahedron made from a one-fifth part of the dollar coin (82.5 grains) has an edge-length the same as that of a cube of the same substance weighing **700**.03571. . . grains. Ten of these cubes weigh *one* *pound* *avoirdupois* (**7000** grains) to .9999+ fine.

In the picture below (in the middle) is a pure white cuboid measuring 6x10x15 “units”. Its volume is 900 *cubic* units. Add one complete layer of “cubets” to one of its 6×15 unit faces (red layer far right), and its volume becomes 990. If instead we add one layer to the 10×15 unit face (red layer at left), the volume of the cuboid becomes 1050.

The white cuboid in the middle is the model’s *core* uniting the two different cuboids of 990 and 1050 cubic units. Once again, we have *perfectly* modeled the weights of the *silver* *dollar* *coin *(far right) and *avoirdupois* *ounce* (at left):

990 / 1050 = .9428571… = **412.5** / **437.5** exact

In 1836 the *bushel* measure was formally incorporated into the United States legal codes. It sub-divides into 4 pecks, 8 *dry* gallons, 32 dry quarts, or 64 dry pints. A single dry gallon measures 268.8025 cubic inches. This compares to today’s standard gallon’s 231 cubic inches. One year later, The Coinage Act of 1837 decreed **412.5** grains to be the new gross weight of the silver dollar, down from 416 grains. Within a year’s time two new *seemingly* *unrelated* measures became part of U.S. law.

But these measures are related, and were *intentionally* introduced together (at least in part) for the following reason:

231 cu. inches / 268.8025 cu. Inches = .__85936__7007…

And

**412.5** grains / 480 grains (one oz. troy) = .__85937__5

The *standard* *gallon* relates to the newly introduced *dry gallon* in the same way that the newly introduced *coin* *weight* relates to an *ounce* *troy*. And .859367007…/ .859375 = .99999070… shows just how precisely they correspond!

Now history says *nothing* about legislation *intentionally* relating these two gallons, or the gallons and the weight of the silver dollar coin, or the coin and the *avoirdupois* *ounce*. The 1873 Coinage Act made a second adjustment to the already previously debased (in 1853) weight of the *“fractional” silver dollar*. Now the new weight of any combination of halves, quarters, and dimes equaling one dollar became 25 *grams*. And once again, in the choice of *this* quantity, we can see the work of the same hidden hand:

216 cu. Inches / 268.8025 cu. Inches = .803563…

And

25 grams / 31.1034…grams (one oz. troy) = .803768…

Both the *standard* gallon and *dry* gallon were used in England long before the American colonists brought them across the Atlantic. And long before these units there was the *Roman* gallon of 216 cubic inches, at one time used in many places throughout Europe.

As the simple ratios above show, the *Roman* *gallon* relates to the *dry gallon* in the same way as the new weight of a *fractional* *dollar* relates to one *troy* *ounce* (31.1034…grams). This ratio .803563… / .803768… = .999745… shows the correspondence between these measures to be at least as high as the .999 purity standard for U.S. silver and gold coinage.

To summarize, we see that the *standard* *gallon’s* relationship to the (codified in 1836) *dry gallon* is the same as the (codified in 1837) **412.5** grain *dollar* *coin’s* relationship to the *troy* *ounce*. And later, we see that the *fractional* *dollar* assumed a weight in relation to the *troy* *ounce* that again mimics the relationship *between (this time) a Roman gallon and the dry gallon.*

In the photo below on the right we can see the *common core* uniting the Roman gallon and standard gallon (each cube = one cubic inch). The two tall columns sharing a common core in the photo (at left) model the Troy oz. and AV oz. (each cube equals 27 milligrams) Note how they share the exact same modeling-scheme as the gallons, as well as the AV oz. and silver dollar coin modeled above with their *common core*.

Also, take note of the coinage quantity **412.5** used in conjunct with **π **to create the two gallon quantities:

(1/6)**π**(**412.5**296124…) cubic inches = 216 cubic inches (exact) = Roman gallon

(1/6)**π**(**412.5**296124…) + (1.0/.0666…) cubic inches = 231 cubic inches (exact) = Standard gallon

** **** **The Coinage Act of 1873 also introduced the **420** grain *Trade Dollar*. Why did they choose *this* quantity and not some other? Because *it unites our two ounces pictured above*. In fact it is their *common* *core*, that white column of 1008 cubes uniting the 1050 cube AV oz. with the 1152 cube Troy oz. Numerically they relate as:

1050 / 1152 = .91145833… = **437.5** grains / **480 **grains

Trade Dollar / AV oz. = 1008 / 1050 = .960 = 2(.**480**)

Another proof showing *these two ounce quantities to be natural units inherent to geometric structure* is illustrated in the next photo. The proportions of the cylinder depicted make it a “Cylinder of Maximum Volume”: i.e., given a fixed unit of surface-area, *this proportioned cylinder* captures the most *volume* using the least *surface*–*area*. The diameter of its circular end planes is equal to the height of its side, and to the diameter of a sphere snugly embraced within. If the combined volume of the *cylinder* and the *tetrahedron* set atop and tangent to the cylinder’s circumference is equal to 1.0 then the cylinder’s volume equals .9114566…

Volume of cylinder / Combined volumes = .**91145**66 / 1.000000…

A.V. Ounce / Troy Ounce = 437.5 grains / 480.0 grains = .**91145**83… / 1.000000…

What this means is that if the cylinder weighs **437.5** grains, then the addition of tetrahedron made of the same substance as the cylinder makes the two forms together weigh **480** grains (one troy ounce).

** **Forensic history based on mathematics has produced substantial *unimpeachable* evidence proving that the *metric* *system* *is inherent to geometry*, as too is our *standard* *inch* based system. Even if the French surveyors *actually* conducted a survey in the 1790’s prior to the introduction of the meter, it seems apparent they already knew the answer they were seeking. For *geometry* clearly shows that the *American monetary measures*, along with the *grain/gram* conversion quantity, to have been “borrowed” or “stolen” from the fundamental constructs of geometry. This is simple to prove. The following is but *one of many* pieces of evidence.

The gross weight of the *silver dollar coin* is **412.5** *grains*. To us, this “number” is first and foremost a “quantity” of weight-standards; but to geometry, it is simply a “quantity”, devoid of *substance* leaving only *volume*. This quantity is most easily modeled *geometrically* by a simple cube with a volume equal to **412.5 ***units***.**

The American gold coin in circulation when **412.5** grains became the new weight for the silver dollar was the *eagle* with **247.5** grains pure gold. It was the equivalent in value to ten of these silver dollar coins. Therefore the gold *eagle* was worth the same as the **4125** grains of *coinage* *silver* comprising the ten silver dollars. This too is most easily modeled geometrically by a simple cube with a volume equal to **4125 ***units***. ***This is a very special cube*. We can see *why* I say this by examining its remaining parameters:

Edge-length = **16.037**67165…

and

Surface area = **1543.2**41472…

The quantity describing the length of this cube’s edge is the *same* quantity describing the weight of *pure gold* in the ten dollar *eagle* coin (**247.5 ***grains*). But this quantity here is denominated in *grams*:

**16.037**67165… **grams **X **15.432**358… grains/gram = **247.499**096… **grains**

and

**247.499**0960… / **247.5** = **.999996…**

Moreover, and of great significance, is that the *grain/gram conversion coefficient* just used above is also the *surface area quantity* of this very special cube.

** 15.432**35835… / **1543.2**41472… = .00**999996…**

** **Note that **.999996**… again shows just how closely our measures have been designed to conform to the *ideals* of geometry and mathematics.

So we see that geometry *fuses* *together* in one simple cubical form numerical “quantities” that mankind has come to use, also *together* in a single simple system. This system includes the weights of the U.S. gold and silver coins, using *both* systems of weight measures, along with the very quantity that unites these two systems!

Another example of this can be seen in the form of a regular tetrahedron. When it is *scaled* having an edge-length equal to 15.43235835… (once again, the *grain/gram* conversion quantity) then its surface-area will be **412.5**01209…

If instead, the tetrahedron’s surface area is *a perfect 1.0 square unit*, then this tetrahedron’s *volume* becomes .05170027… again a quantity through which geometry gives birth to the U.S. gold and silver coinage weights, again *in metric*:

1(.05170027…)^{2} = .00**26729**18… and **26.729**55… *grams* = gross wt. silver $

6(.05170027…)^{2} = .**16037**50… and **16.037**73 *grams* = wt. pure gold in $10 *eagle*

9(.05170027…)^{2} = .0**24056**26… and **24.056**59 *grams* = wt. pure silver in silver $

What are the odds of all this happening by *chance* rather than by *choice*?

It’s becoming obvious that the “quantity” **4125** (and its *powers*) is inherent to *the geometry of form* as well as to our systems of measurement. It functions much like the *common* *cores* in the models pictured above in that it literally unites *metric* and *standard* measures. Here is another clear and perfect example.

Construct a line 2.0 units long. Construct another line (2.0 – .**4125**) units long. That’s it! If the length of the longer line is deemed to be *one* *millimeter*, then the shorter line must be __exactly__ *one* *32nd* *of* *an* *inch*. Let’s do the math.

1.5875 / 2.0 = .79375 / 1.0

Multiply .79375 by 32. It equals 25.4 exact, which is the number of millimeters in one inch. The 1.0 in the above equation is *one* *millimeter* (.03937007874”) and .79375 a portion of *one* *millimeter* (.03125”) which equals 1/32”.

This is really quite remarkable since “history” tells us that these *human designed weight quantities* were arrived at *subjectively* and *arbitrarily*. We know the *gram* is a derivative of the *meter* *measure*, which was alleged to be a ten-millionth part of the earth’s quadrant running through Paris France from the North Pole to the equator. However, the same history also notes that the *birth of the metric system* amidst the French revolution in the early 1790’s, and the *Coinage Act of 1792* in the USA, *both* occurred contemporaneously. **Prior to this point in time**, the “quantities”

**15.432**…,

**16.037**…,

**412.5,**and

**247.5**existed

*only*in the eternal relationships among the forms of geometry.

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